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of Public Opinion Research, Inc.

Main Office:
453 Springlake Road
Harrisburg, PA 17112

(717) 671-0776 Voice
(717) 671-1176 FAX


SE PA Regional Office:
King of Prussia Inn
101 Bill Smith Blvd.
King of Prussia, PA 19406

(610) 265-0757 Voice
(610) 265-0473 FAX

Fall 2002 Business Climate Survey

1. Do you feel the property tax-based system utilized by school districts, and local government in Pennsylvania is fair and equitable?

24%  YES 
68%  NO 
8%  DON'T KNOW/NO OPINION 


2. If local property taxes had to be replaced with another tax, would your favor a local earned income tax, a local sales tax, or a combination of earned income and sales taxes.

14%  LOCAL EARNED INCOME TAX 
38%  LOCAL SALES TAX 
44%  COMBINGATION OF BOTH 
4%  NO ANSWER 


3. The Pennsylvania General Assembly has convened a special session on property tax reform. Do you expect the special session will produce significant, structural changes in Pennsylvania's property tax system, or do you view the session as political posturing?

9%  EXPECT SIGNIFICANT CHANGE 
79%  POLITICAL POSTURING 
12%  NO OPINION 


4. How important are property taxes when it comes to your making decisions about keeping or expanding your business in Pennsylvania?

34%  VERY IMPORTANT 
32%  SOMEWHAT IMPORTANT 
18%  SOMEWHAT UNIMPORTANT 
14%  NOT IMPORTANT 
2%  NO OPINION 


5. Generally speaking, is it your view that state government has paid its fair share of public school expenses, or has an unfair burden been placed on local taxpayers?

26%  FAIR SHARE 
59%  UNFAIR BURDEN 
15%  NO OPINION 


6. How seriously do you think the recent wave of corporate scandals has undermined public confidence in the business community?

39%  VERY SERIOUSLY UNDERMINED CONFIDENCE 
44%  SOMEWHAT SERIOUSLY UNDERMINED CONFIDENCE 
15%  NOT VERY SERIOUSLY UNDERMINED CONFIDENCE 
2%  NO EFFECT/NO OPINION 


7. How big of a factor do you think the recent wave of corporate scandals has been in contributing to the ongoing softness in the nation's economy?

30%  BIG FACTOR 
42%  SOMEWHAT OF A FACTOR 
28%  NOT MUCH OF A FACTOR 
0%  NO OPINION 


8. Which issue to you think will have a bigger impact on upcoming Congressional races, the economy or the war on terrorism?

57%  ECONOMY 
14%  WAR ON TERRORISM 
26%  BOTH EQUALLY 
2%  NEITHER 
1%  NO OPINION 


9. When do you see the U.S. economy rebounding out of the current recession?

6%  1-3 MONTHS 
10%  3-6 MONTHS 
33%  6-12 MONTHS 
40%  12-24 MONTHS 
10%  NOT IN THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE 


10. Do you think the Federal Reserve Board's recent monetary policies have helped to contain the current economic downturn, or contributed to it?

66%  HELPED CONTAIN 
14%  CONTRIBUTED TO 
16%  NO IMPACT 
4%  NO OPINION 


11. Which candidate for Governor do you think would do the best job for business in Pennsylvania, Republican Mike Fisher or Democrat Ed Rendell?

61%  MIKE FISHER 
20%  ED RENDELL 
8%  BOTH ABOUT THE SAME 
3%  NEITHER 
8%  NO OPINION 


12. Looking ahead to the November election, do you expect Republican Mike Fisher or Democrat Ed Rendell to be elected the next Governor of Pennsylvania?

26%  MIKE FISHER 
64%  ED RENDELL 
10%  NO OPINION 


13. Looking ahead to the November election, which political party do you expect will control the Pennsylvania State Senate, the Republican Party or the Democrat Party?

62%  REPUBLICAN 
16%  DEMOCRAT 
22%  NO OPINION 


14. Looking ahead to the November election, which political party do you expect will control the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, the Republican Party or the Democrat Party?

57%  REPUBLICAN 
22%  DEMOCRAT 
21%  NO OPINION 


15. Looking ahead to the November election, which political party do you expect will control the United State Senate, the Republican Party or the Democrat Party?

56%  REPUBLICAN 
29%  DEMOCRAT 
15%  NO OPINION 


16. Looking ahead to the November election, which political party do you expect will control the United States House of Representatives, the Republican Party or the Democrat Party?

72%  REPUBLICAN 
15%  DEMOCRAT 
13%  NO OPINION 


SECTION II


1. In general, do you think business conditions in Pennsylvania are better, the same, or worse than they were six months ago?

6%  BETTER 
44%  SAME 
49%  WORSE 
1%  NO OPINION 


2. Looking ahead six months, do you think business conditions will be better, the same, or worse than they are now?

29%  BETTER 
53%  SAME 
17%  WORSE 
1%  NO OPINION 


3. Are employment levels at your company higher, the same, or lower than they were six months ago?

24%  HIGHER 
48%  SAME 
27%  LOWER 
1%  NO OPINION 


4. Looking ahead six months, do you anticipate that employment levels at your company will be higher, stay the same, or be lower?

26%  HIGHER 
55%  SAME 
17%  LOWER 
2%  NO OPINION 


5. Have your company's sales increased, stayed relatively the same, or decreased during the past six months?

26%  INCREASED 
41%  SAME 
32%  DECREASED 
1%  NO OPINION 


6. Do you expect your company's sales to increase, stay relatively the same, or decrease during the coming six months?

44%  INCREASE 
45%  SAME 
10%  DECREASE 
1%  NO OPINION 


7. At any point in the past six months has your company considered moving all or part of its Pennsylvania operations to another state?

3%  DID MOVE SOME OPERATIONS 
17%  CONSIDERED MOVING SOME OPERATIONS 
1%  CONSIDERED MOVING ALL OPERATIONS 
2%  MOVED OPERATIONS INTO PENNSYLVANIA 
74%  DIDN'T CONSIDER ANY MOVES 
3%  NO ANSWER 


8. Do you foresee at any point in the coming six months your company considering moving all or part of its Pennsylvania operations into another state?

0%  MAY MOVE ALL OPERATIONS 
19%  MAY MOVE SOME OPERATIONS 
79%  NOT CONSIDERING ANY MOVES 
0%  MAY MOVE INTO PA 
2%  NO ANSWER 


9. In general, do you have a positive, negative, or no opinion of the job performance of the following individuals:

  POSITIVE  NEGATIVE  NO OPINION 
President George Bush  85%  11%  4% 
Fed Chair Alan Greenspan  82%  10%  8% 
U.S. Sen. Arlen Specter  30%  48%  22% 
U.S. Sen. Rick Santorum  59%  22%  19% 
Gov. Mark Schweiker  77%  9%  14% 


10. In general, do you have a positive, negative, or no opinion of the job performance of the following institutions:

  POSITIVE  NEGATIVE  NO OPINION 
U.S. Senate  24%  68%  8% 
U.S House of Reps  50%  41%  9% 
PA Senate  39%  34%  27% 
PA House of Reps  40%  34%  26% 


METHODOLOGY:

The Lincoln Institute's Keystone Business Climate Survey was mailed on September 9, 2002 to 2,000 chief executive officers of companies employing at least 100 people in their Pennsylvania operations. As of the response deadline of September 27, 2002, 117 had responded to the survey.